Sexual Health Sensitization
World Health Organization defines sexual health as a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality. It is the ability to embrace and enjoy our sexuality throughout our lives.
Types of Sexual Health
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. It’s a very small parasitic bacterium, like a virus that requires the biochemical mechanisms of another cell in order to reproduce. Bacteria of this type cause various diseases including trachoma, psittacosis, and nonspecific urethritis. Chlamydia is one of the most common STDs that you can get from sexual contact with another person. Chlamydia can be easily cured, but if left untreated in women, it can cause serious, permanent damage to a woman’s reproductive system making it difficult for a woman to get pregnant later.
Cold sores, also called fever blisters, are small blisters caused by the herpes simplex virus that develop on the lips or around the mouth and usually clear up without treatment within 7 to 10 days. It can show up anywhere on your body and after the blisters form, you may notice that they break and ooze. A yellow crust or a scab builds up and eventually falls off, revealing new skin underneath.
Genital warts are soft growths that appear on the genitals, caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). These skin growths can cause pain, discomfort, and itching and are especially dangerous for women because some types of HPV can also cause cancer of the cervix and vulva. Protection and treatment are essential in preventing this infection.
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by infection with the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It passes from person to person through unprotected oral, anal, or vaginal sex and tends to infect warm, moist areas of the body, including the: rectum, urethra, vagina, throat, or eyes. The best protection against infection is monogamy and proper condom usage.
Herpes is an infection caused by HSV (herpes simplex virus) that affects the external genitalia, anal region, mucosal surfaces, and skin in other parts of the body. There are two types of the herpes simplex virus; HSV-1: also known as oral herpes that causes cold sores around the mouth and on the face and HSV-2: also known as genital herpes, responsible for outbreaks around the genital areas.
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that attacks the immune system, our body’s natural defense against illness, by destroying important cells that fight disease and infection. AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is not a virus but a set of symptoms caused by the HIV virus. In other words, HIV is the virus that causes AIDS.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs that occurs when sexually transmitted bacteria spread from your vagina to your uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries. Several different types of bacteria can cause PID, including the same bacteria that cause the sexually transmitted infections (STIs) gonorrhea and chlamydia.
Syphilis is a highly contagious disease caused by an infection with bacteria known as Treponema pallidum, spread primarily by sexual activity, including oral and anal sex. Syphilis is divided into stages; primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary, and have different signs and symptoms associated with each stage.
Trichomoniasis or “trich” is a very common sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the one-celled protozoan organism called Trichomonas vaginalis. Trichomoniasis causes a foul-smelling vaginal discharge, genital itching and painful urination in women, while men typically have no symptoms of trich.